超真實世界

後現代文化的特徵是迷人的擬像(simulacra)與摹寫,一種包含一切的流動,與其過度附載的影像與訊息所構成的「超真實」(hyper-reality)。它使「真實與非真實」、「公共與私人」、「藝術與真實」的邊界逐一瓦解,一切虛實之物都流入有如「黑洞」般的世界。在其中,當代的影像藝術,則展現了前所未有的游離性與疏離性,使得構成擬像世界的四個步驟被全面地完成了:

第一層:它是某個 壯麗真實 的投影。
第二層:它遮蓋了 壯麗的真實,並異質它的本體。
第三層:它讓這個 壯麗的真實 化爲烏有。
第四層:它和所謂的真實全然失去關係,它是自身最純粹的擬仿物。

「擬像」技術的興盛,導致人心漸漸遠離了「經驗」的本質。「擬像」不單只是將「不在場」顯示為「在場」、將「想像」塑造成「真實」這麼簡單;它嘗試破壞「真實」的原始定義,將「真實」吸納到自身當中,讓區辨「真實」及「非真實」顯得毫無必要。

這樣一個由電腦影像中的「純粹符號」所構成的世界即是真實,這種真實不僅取代了原有的真實,更超越它成為了「超真實」。超真實世界由自身指涉的「擬像」所構成,根據數據與模式產製,並經由「幻覺相似(hallucinatory resemblance)」的真實本身重新修飾,它不是自然生成,它正是人造而成的、比真實還要更加真實的「超真實」。

〈Prado No. 1, 2, 3〉與陶亞倫

臺灣新媒體藝術家陶亞倫,於今年初(2018年)受邀參加第九屆馬德里當代數位科技影音藝術節*(MADATAC 09),於全世界來自33個不同國家、72位新媒體藝術家中,獲得「最佳新媒體藝術裝置獎」。他的獲獎作品〈Prado No. 1, 2, 3〉是為普拉多媒體藝術中心(Media Lab Prado)展場量身打造的全新虛擬實境作品。觀眾帶上VR眼鏡並站上特製台座後,將漸漸下降到一個不存在的地下城市之中,如同進入一個隱藏在真實世界中的巨大的潛意識空間,感受到空間無止盡往前延伸的虛幻感,身在展場中卻也不在其中,從作品中經歷似實還虛的空間體驗。

註:馬德里當代數位科技影音藝術節MADATAC
歐洲最重要的新媒體藝術節之一,每年透過專業策展方式,積極尋找國際間使用科技與創新媒材創作的新媒體藝術家,探索不同類型的數位藝術,包括錄像、科技藝術、影音裝置以及互動藝術作品等,每屆藝術節平均吸引超過十萬觀眾參與。

The World of Hyper-Reality

The characteristic of the post-modern world is its enchanting simulacra and facsimile, encompassing all fluidity and composing hyper-reality with its overloaded images and messages. This results in the blurring of the border between “real and false,” “public and private,” “art and reality.” All things, whether reality or falsehood, are plunged into a world that resembles a black hole. Amid all this, contemporary images depict a quality of alienation and isolation that is never seen before, completing all four steps to constructing a world of simulacra:

The first layer: The projection of a majestic and realistic image.
The second layer: Shielding and transforming the majestic and realistic.
The third layer: Diminishing the majestic and realistic.
The fourth layer: Dissolving all connections with reality and becoming the purest form of imitation of itself.

The flourishment of the technology of simulacra has led to the alienation of experience among people. Simulacra not only presents the absent or realizes the imagination; instead, simulacra are attempts to destruct the original definition of “reality” and to absorb “reality” into the self, rendering the distinction between “real and false” irrelevant.

A world constructed with “pure symbols” of the computer image is a true world. This reality not only replaces the previous version of reality but also transcends the reality and forms a “hyper-reality.” The world of hyper-reality is formed with simulacra that it refers and is produced on the basis of data and model production, with reality revised through hallucinatory resemblance. This process is not produced naturally but with artificial methods, a “hyper-reality” that seems even more realistic than reality.

Prado No1, 2,3 and TAO Ya-Lun

At the beginning of 2018, new media artist TAO Ya-Lun was invited to attend the 9th Muestra de Arte Digital Audiovisual y Tecnologías Avanzadas Acontemporáneas (MADATAC 09) and was selected among 72 new media artists from 33 nationalities as the winner of Best New Media Art Installation. The award-winning work, Prado No. 1, 2, 3, is a new VR piece specially designed for Media Lab Prado. Visitors are invited to wear VR headsets and stand on the special stand which gradually descends to a virtual underground city as if entering a massive subconscious space hidden in the world of reality. The space allows participants to experience the illusory sense of expanding time and space, being at the scene but detached at the same time and immersed in a world that is both real and false.

Note: Muestra de Arte Digital Audiovisual y Tecnologías Avanzadas Acontemporáneas (MADATAC)
MADATAC is one of the most important new media art festivals in Europe and actively seeks out new media artists around the world who work with technology and innovative media through professional curatorial practices. MADATAC explores different types of digital art, including video, technology art, video installations, and interactive artwork. The event attracts over one hundred thousand visitors every year.

 

《超真實》
Hyper-reality
2018.11.26 - 12.21
週一至五 11:00-17:00 國定假日休展
Mon. - Fri., 11:00 to 17:00 Closed on National Holidays
藝文中心5F藝文空間
Art Gallery, 5F of NCCU Art & Culture Center
開幕茶會 | Opening Reception
2018.12.05
(三) 18:00-18:30
Wed. 5. Dec. 2018/18:00-18:30
藝文中心5F藝文空間
Art Gallery, 5F of NCCU Art & Culture Center
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開幕講座 | Opening Lecture
2018.12.05
(四) 19:30-21:30
Wed. 5. Dec. 2018/19:30-21:30
藝文中心4F ART HUB
ART HUB, 4F of NCCU Art & Culture Center
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講座
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茶會
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